27 Vegetables In Nigeria, Types, Recipes And More. Go Green!

27 Greens In Nigeria, Types, Recipes And Additional. Go Inexperienced!

Posted on

Apart out of your native or regional greens, have you ever ever ever questioned about totally different sorts of greens in Nigeria and the way in which excellent they’d be?

Don’t get me mistaken, I’m not calling you a foodie. However when that’s what it means attempting out the alternative excellent obtainable vegies in Nigeria, you then’ll most definitely ought to title me a Foodie Plus.

Having been uninterested in my native flavours, I wanted to enterprise into totally different Greens in Nigeria, attempting their recipes and rather more. 

The put up choices additional than merely the veggies, it’s botanical names, native names, which meal there are used with, and additional.

Advisable for you: Dietary price of Inexperienced amaranth greens

Greens in Nigeria, botanical names, and additional

Beneath is the file of lots of the widespread greens in Nigeria

Efo Yanrin (Wild Lettuce)

Efo Yanrin | Vegetables in Nigeria, Types, Recipes

Dandelion greens are the English establish for this plant.

Efo Yarin is the native establish (Yoruba)

Taraxacum officinale, Asteraceae (Family)


This edible plant’s leaves are eaten raw in salads or cooked in soups and sauces. The plant is normally planted for the intention of harvesting the leaves, which might be then purchased boiled, or rolled into balls in marketplaces. 

The leaves’ mineral content material materials is reported to be reasonably extreme (21.8 per cent).


Bitter leaves (Efo ewuro)

Bitter leaf | Vegetables in Nigeria, Types, Recipes

Bitter leaf is the English establish for this plant.

Ewuro is the native establish (Yoruba)

Vernonia amygdalina (botanical establish) is a member of the Compositae family of vegetation.


For a lot of Nigerians, the bitter leaf is a crucial vegetable; it could be found in plenty of markets all 12 months lengthy and is normally grown in dwelling gardens. It thrives wherever it grows. 

There are quite a few species, some with massive, lush, deep inexperienced leaves and others with smaller leaves. 

The leaves are pretty bitter, as a result of the establish signifies; the bitterness is usually diminished by washing or boiling the leaves.

African Spinach (Efo Tete)

Tete Seeds (African Spinach | Vegetables in Nigeria, Types, Recipes

Callaloo (African Spinach) is the English establish for this plant.

Efo Tete is the native establish (Yoruba)

Amaranthus hybridus is a plant throughout the Amaranthaceae family (Botanically)


This veggie is a herb that grows 12 months after 12 months. It is appreciable in the midst of the moist season, as one would anticipate. It is purported to have travelled from Asia to West Africa thus far. Every the stem and the leaves is also eaten. 

The plant is offered in three important colours (pink, deep crimson, and inexperienced); in North America, the coloured varieties are used for adornment. In Nigeria, the green-coloured kind is the one one which’s eaten.

See Moreover: Disadvantages of Yard Eggs You Not at all Knew

Efo Shoko

Efo Shoko | Vegetables in Nigeria, Types, Recipes

Lagos Spinach is the English establish for such a spinach.

Shokoyokoto is the native establish for the world (Yoruba)

Celosia argentea, Amaranthaceae (Family)


Inside the Lagos Metropolitan Area markets, “Lagos Spinach” is a really well-liked vegetable. It is extensively equipped in the midst of the moist season. The type attribute of this perennial plant is mildly bitter, and the leaves are barely diuretic. 

The fragile bitterness is offset by the addition of flooring melon and sauces whereas it is cooking. The Yorubas consult with it as “sokoyokoto,” implying that the vegetable plant is regarded in extreme regard. ‘Sokoyokoto’ truly interprets to “making hubby fat.”


Gbure (water leaves)

Efo Gbure (Waterleaf) | Vegetables in Nigeria, Types, Recipes

WaterLeaf is the English establish for this plant.

Gbure is the native establish (Yoruba)

“Talinum Triangulare, Family Portulacaeae,” Botanically


By way of the moist season, the waterleaf vegetable is appreciable, as its establish suggests. The waterleaf plant is classed as a weed, which is ironic. 

Cuttings and seeds are every merely propagated, and the plant grows quickly and has a quick life cycle. Cooked, in salads, and in soups, the vegetable is consumed.

It is said to be extreme in mineral salts and amino acids, along with having anti-scorbutic properties, in keeping with consultants.


Eggplant leaves (Efo Igbo)

Eggplant Leaves | Vegetables in Nigeria, Types, Recipes

Leaf of the African Egg Plant in English

Efo Igbo is the native establish (Yoruba)

Botanically: Solanum macrocarpon, Family: Solanaceae 


Inside the Lagos Area Markets, the “African Egg Plant” is among the many most coveted veggies. The vegetable would not appear in good numbers out there in the marketplace similar to the others, nonetheless it is prized by the Yoruba of us. 

The plant is normally grown for its bitter leaves; the fruits are eaten often nonetheless are largely saved for propagation causes.



Amunututu (Malabar spinach) | Vegetables in Nigeria, Types, Recipes

Malabar Spinach is a kind of spinach native to the Indian subcontinent.

Amunututu is the native establish for (Yoruba)

Basella alba is the botanical establish, Family Basellaceae


This plant is native to Afro-Asia. Locals title it “amunututu,” which precisely means “a cool stomach appetizer,” and “Toromoganna,” which means “a wall climber.”

The leaves have extreme water content material materials and are succulent. It could be annual or perennial with a restricted lifespan. 

The flavour profile is modest, with a mucilaginous texture (very similar to aloe vera). This vegetable is extreme in calcium and iron, along with dietary nutritional vitamins A, B, and C. It’s normally extreme in protein and soluble fibre.

Study Moreover: 7 Nigerian Meals Rich in Calcium

“Efinrin” | African blue basil (scent leaf)

SCENT LEAF (Efinrin) | Vegetables in Nigeria, Types, Recipes

African Basil is the English establish for this plant.

Efirin (Yoruba), Nahianwu (Igbo), Daidoya are a couple of of the native names (Hausa)

Botanically, Ocimum gratissimum belongs to the Labiatae family.


“Efirin” (scent leaf) is a popular vegetable distributed throughout the nation for its numerous medical functions; it’s also normally planted as a mosquito repellent spherical properties.

I used to imagine African blue basil and African basil have been the equivalent points, nonetheless they’re fully totally different. In all probability probably the most noticeable distinction is that African blue basil leaves start off purple whereas youthful, turning into inexperienced solely when the leaf reaches full dimension, and even then, the veins keep purple. 

African basil is alleged to have analgesic properties, which is why it’s a vital part of postnatal meals.



Ebolo Leave | Vegetables in Nigeria, Types, Recipes

Yoruba bologi is its English establish.

Ebolo is the native establish for (Yoruba)

Crassocephalum rubens belongs to the Comopositae family of vegetation.


“”Ebolo” is a unusual vegetable that is solely obtainable following the arrival of the model new yam, which is late throughout the moist season. 

The semi-succulent leaves and your complete youthful plant are mucilaginous and used as a potherb in soups and sauces. The leaves have a laxative influence.


Afang Leaves

Afang Leaf | Vegetables in Nigeria, Types, Recipes

There’s no English establish for this plant

Afang (Ibibio), Okazi are the native names (Igbo)

Botanically, Gnetum africanum belongs to the Gnetaceae family.


The ethnic peoples of southern and southeastern Nigeria are massive followers of this vegetable. It’s named “afang” by the Efik and Ibibio peoples, and “okazi” by the Igbo of us. The leaves are obtained as forest merchandise and the plant should not be farmed.

Afang is an environment friendly provide of protein, carbs, important amino acids (non-essential amino acids), and mineral parts (macroscopic and microelements).



Ugu Leaves | Vegetables in Nigeria, Types, Recipes

Fluted pumpkin leaf is the English establish for this plant.

Ugu is the native establish for

“Telfairia occidentalis, Cucurbitaceae” is the botanical establish.


The “ugu” vegetable’s leaves and youthful shoots are generally used as a potherb and in soups. Ugu is alleged to be the popular vegetable amongst Ibo audio system. 

Ugu is alleged to produce numerous dietary and nicely being advantages, although there’s not lots proof to once more this up. Ugu is environment friendly in regenerating or replenishing cells and tissues, along with treating anaemia (Ukwuoma and Mauaya,2005 and Beck,1980).

Advisable for you: 7 Benefits of Ugu Juice and Milk All through Being pregnant

27 Recipes produced with these Nigerian Greens

I’ve purchased a great deal of Nigerian delicacies recipes and a great deal of fully totally different alternate choices to be able to select from. These Nigerian delicacies have launched us collectively as a country.

Listed under are the elemental Nigerian meals, exactly the way in which during which grandmas prepared them, from tubers, cereals, and swallows to Nigerian soups and stews, to not level out Nigerian snacks.


1. Otong Soup (Efik Mannequin Okra Soup)

The Efik of us of Cross River, Nigeria, have a widely known typical Okra soup dish often known as otong soup. 

Otong soup is equal to Ila Alasepo, a Yoruba okra soup. The inclusion of Ugu leaves, which isn’t required throughout the manufacturing of Ila Alasepo, is the precept distinction.


2. Afang Soup

The afang soup from Nigeria is very similar to the edikang ikong soup from China. It is indigenous to the Efik of us of Akwa Ibom and the Nigerian cross-river states, nonetheless it is beloved by all.

It’s also very healthful, as a result of the soup is normally made up of greens. This soup is made with a great deal of water leaves and okazi leaves, which might be wild herbs.


3. Ekpang Nkukwo

One among many Nigerian cocoyam recipes is ekpang nkwukwo, which is made with grated cocoyam, cocoyam leaves, water yam, and periwinkle.

It is a Nigerian meals recipe that originated throughout the states of Cross River and Akwa Ibom throughout the south-eastern part of the nation.


4. Oha Soup

The origins of ora (oha) soup could be traced once more to southeastern Nigeria. It’s a typical soup made with ora leaves that’s very similar to bitter leaf soup.

Ora (oha) soup is unique in that the tender ora leaves used on this soup recipe are solely obtainable all through certain seasons, not like their bitter leaf counterpart, which is obtainable all 12 months.

You Can Watch: How one can put collectively delicious Oha Soup

5. Starch and Banga Soup

Banga soup is a popular dish in Nigeria’s south. This tasty Nigerian soup is also served with a side of starch. Who wouldn’t want to see it?


6. Efo Riro and Semolina

Efo riro is a standard Yoruba dish from Western Nigeria. Inexperienced greens harking back to pumpkin leaves or water leaves, along with spinach, is also added to the stew’s contents.

Nigerians throughout the diaspora miss this culinary combo, which is usually served with semolina.


7. Jollof Rice

Nigerians are well-known for his or her jollof rice. Jollof rice is a will need to have at every Nigerian gathering! The Nigerian get collectively jollof rice is alleged to be distinctive.

The dish, nonetheless, has a particular flavour and scent that is distinct from typical jollof rice.

Practically all of Nigerians anticipate owanbe celebrations in order to partake on this delectable delicacies.


8. Rice and Banga Soup (Ofe Akwu)

Banga soup, or ofe akwu because it’s affectionately acknowledged by the Igbos, is a kind of stew cooked from palm fruit that is usually served with rice.


9. Tuwo Shinkafa

Tuwo shinkafa is a Hausa phrase that interprets to “mashed rice.” It’s among the many most delectable cuisines in Nigeria’s northern space.

Tuwo is a mushy rice dish with a spicy sauce. Practically all of Nigerians residing abroad who’re from the north adore and miss this delicacies.


10. Ofada Rice Stew

The dish is a stew from western Nigeria that is normally served with ofada rice, a domestically grown rice.

The ofada rice and stew has a cult following. Maybe it’s because of the iru (locust beans) ingredient, or maybe it’s because of it’s composed solely of peppers and assorted meats.


11. Ewa Aganyin

Ewa aganyin is an excellent bean dish acknowledged for its softness and flavorful sauce. It’s traditionally served with Agege bread, boiling yams, and fried plantains, and it’s delicious!


12. Pap and Akara

One amongst Nigeria’s typical morning delicacies is Akara with pap. Akara is a processed flooring bean reworked proper right into a fried bean cake, whereas pap is cornmeal prepared from moist corn starch.

Akara is usually a most well-liked street dish, with distributors frying them the least bit hours of the day. It’s normally served with ogi (spicy kimchi), bread, and cornstarch (agidi or eko).


13. Moin Moin

Moimoi, additionally known as moin-moin, is a steaming bean pudding prepared with ground-pealed beans, pepper, and onions.

It is a staple delicacies in Nigeria that is extreme in protein. Native to the Yoruba of us of Nigeria, this dish could also be very delectable and nice.


14. Amala and Ewedu Soup with Buka Stew

Ewedu Elegusi (Jute + Melon Seed) is a Yoruba dish eaten with gbegiri (beans soup) and/or a palm oil-based stew.

This concoction is normally saved aside for amala (fermented yam dumpling) and served as an on a regular basis meal or on explicit occasions.


15. Bitter Leaf Soup with Fufu

Bitter leaf soup is taken into account one in every of Igbo land’s most beloved soups. It’s named ofe onugbu by the Nigerian Igbo of us.

The time interval bitter-leaf soup comes from the reality that it is made using a bitter leaf (until cleaned) that is used throughout the cooking course of. Pounded yam, fufu, semo, wheat, or garri are good accompaniments.


16. Eba and Okra Soup

Okra soup is among the many best and most moderately priced Nigerian soups to make. In Hausa, this soup is known as miyan kubewa.

As quickly as you might have accomplished chopping the okra, the soup shall be ready in a short time. Serve with eba or your favourite swallow.


17. Edikang Ikong Soup

The Efik of us of Akwa Ibom and the Cross River state of Nigeria are the originators of the Nigerian edikang ikong soup, or simply vegetable soup.

This Nigerian soup dish is healthful in every sense of the phrase because it’s made with numerous pumpkins and water leaves.

Advisable for you: 10 Nigerian Meals that Enhance Breast Milk

18. Pepper Soup

A typical Nigerian soup dish is Nigerian pepper soup. It’s a versatile recipe because of it could be made with numerous fish and meats.

Due to this, there’s catfish pepper soup (additionally known as degree & kill), rooster pepper soup, goat meat pepper soup, cow foot pepper soup, and assorted beef pepper soups.


19. Ofe Nsala

Inside the jap portion of Nigeria, Ofe nsala (nsala soup) is a popular soup. It’s also known as white soup owing to the scarcity of palm oil, which provides it a pale hue.

Up to date full catfish is used throughout the genuine nsala soup recipe, which provides it its particular type. If catfish shouldn’t be obtainable, catfish fillets or conger eel is also substituted.

Watch: How one can put together dinner Nsala Soup

20. Suya

Suya is a spicy beef dish that is well-liked in West Africa. (additionally known as agashe) Suya is normally prepared with ram, beef, or rooster on skewers.

The Hausa of us of northern Nigeria put together dinner it in keeping with custom-made. The kidney and liver are moreover utilized as innards.


21. Kilishii

Kilishii is a delicacy in Hausa nation, a dried mannequin of suya. After the bone has been eradicated, it is produced from cow, sheep, or goat flesh.

Kilishi is also saved for months with out shedding its flavour.


22. Abacha and Ugba

Abacha and ugba are generally called African salads and they also is also eaten as a meal or snack, many eat them as a meal as a result of it fills up the stomach much like one other meal.

This dish is well-known and well-liked among the many many Igbos throughout the jap portion of Nigeria, and they also want it.


23. Nkwobi

In jap Nigeria, nkwobi is a standard grilled spicy cow leg cope with. Practically all of Nigerian guys go to Igbo eateries to sample this delicacy.

Study Moreover: 8 Nigerian Meals Rich in Iron

24. Groundnut and Boli

For Nigerians, boli-roasted plantain is a tasty snack, considerably when served with groundnut or pepper sauce.

Nigerians every at dwelling and abroad like this snack.


25. Puff Puff – Delicious Sweet Hearty Balls

A most well-liked West African street snack that may very well be made quickly and easily in numerous strategies. Nigerian puff puff is a spongy, deep-fried spherical snack native to the nation.


26. Ukwa  

Ukwa, additionally known as breadfruit in English, is a versatile meal well-liked in Nigeria’s jap space. It could be fried and served with palm kernels or coconut. Ukwa is a form of porridge that has been spherical for a really very long time.

Ukwa could be made with maize or the real typical strategy of mashing it (ukwa agworoagwo).

After that, serve with the liquid (mmiri ukwa) that has been infused with odor leaf or bitter leaf.

Advisable for you: 7 Nigerian Meals for Ulcer Victims

27. Ila Alasepo

Ila Alasepo is a Yoruba okra soup, prepared and most interesting beloved scorching! This delicious and simple comfort dish takes just some objects and voilà! You’ve got purchased your Okra Soup capable of eat.